Colombia is the second largest coffee producer in the world and the largest Arabica and washed coffee manufacturer. Colombian coffee is known for its high quality, it is also notable for its particularly large bean size and a complex flavour profile.
Height of growth: 1200 – 1400 meters above sea level, plantations are located on the high mountain slopes of the Andes.
Climate and Geography. Since Colombia is located at the very equator, the climate of all the coffee regions of the country is favourable for natural growing of coffee trees, without any additional efforts. The supply of moisture, heat and light is perfectly balanced in this region, and the soil is saturated with all useful elements. The harvest is reaped here at least twice a year. The main harvesting period lasts from September to December, and the second crop, called ‘mitaca’, is taken from April to June.
Colombia produces only washed Arabica. Coffee is sorted by bean size before exporting. ‘Excelso’ is a Colombian term denoting large coffee beans with a screen size of 15–16 (only ‘Supremo’ beans can be larger: their screen size is 17–18). But this gradation has nothing to do with coffee flavour profile — both Excelso and Supremo can come from the same tree, the difference is only in the physical assessment of the bean size.
Taste. Experts characterize the taste of Colombia Excelso as silky or velvety. The aroma is exquisite, rich, a slight sourness of cocoa and citrus hints can be felt.